FC «Alania Vladikavkaz»
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FC Alania Vladikavkaz

Club history

The history of Ossetian football began on June 12, 1921. On that day, the Terskie Vedomosti newspaper published a message: “At the Artillery Manege, not far from the diocesan school, a football game has been taking place for several days. The organizers are a group of local intelligent youth. We welcome this healthy and useful sport. " The young English сommunists Campbell and Armstrong were the first to bring the game to the city. They proposed to establish the "Red Youth Sports Center", in which football was to take the main place. The created club was named "Unitas". It became the prototype of the modern "Alania". Writer Mikhail Bulgakov was a frequent guest of the club's sports events. On the day the club was founded, he wrote on the wall: “A football club with a glorious future has been founded in this city .1921 ".

In 1921 Unitas became the winner of the first championship in Vladikavkaz. Then the club was merged with the newly formed Komsomol club - "Spartak". At first, the united club was given the name “CIY” (Communist International of Youth), and then it was renamed as the “Lenin Sports Club”.

In the pre-war years, there were no regular competitions, the players had to take part in fleeting tournaments and also friendly matches with nonresident clubs. In 1932, in the final of the regional sports competitions, the North Ossetian team defeated the Dagestan team 4: 0 and became the winner among the national districts.

On April 24 "Spartak" debuted in class “B”, it was a home match against the Stavropol "Dynamo". In general, the debut was not a success, and the Ordzhonikidze team took the last 14th place. But the team gained experience and in 1963 several club records were set at once. The most surprising thing is that all these records were obtained in fights with the same team - Volgar.The first truly great success awaited our team in 1969. Ten days after the end of the zonal competitions on a neutral field in Simferopol, the final tournament started, in which, in addition to the Spartak players, played such teams as Dnepr Dnipropetrovsk, SKA Khabarovsk and Zalgiris Vilnius . They were fighting for a ticket to the USSR's top league. In a difficult struggle, our team managed to take first place and for the first time in its history won the right to play in the elite division of Soviet football. This victory became a truly national holiday in the republic. The city met the triumphant with a manifestation of many thousands.

SEASON IN THE HIGHER LEAGUE OF THE USSR

In the first match, the newcomer met with the silver medalist of the championship and the winner of the three previous ones - Dynamo Kiev. Due to the early start of the tournament and unfavorable climatic conditions in Kiev, the game was held in Sochi. A goalless draw seemed like a fair outcome of the fight, but a few minutes before the final whistle, the Ordzhonikidze team let the ball into their own net due to mistake in defense.

In the second round, big football came to the capital of North Ossetia. At the overcrowded republican stadium, the home team gave a fight to Zenit - 2: 2. However, then a series of defeats followed - five in a row. Only in May did the team finally “came back” and showed itself in Moscow game with the future winner of the tournament, CSKA - 1:1, and then shared points with the old-timers of the strongest league - Bakuvians, Tbilisiers and Rostovites. In the last round the fate of the gold medals was decided in Ordzhonikidze. Unfortunately, our team left the major league.

RUSSIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS In 1992, the Russian championship replaced the union championship. Twenty teams were divided into two groups. Four of the best from each group had to continue the fight for medals at the second stage.

And the very first match was a significant claim for a successful finish. “Spartak” confidently outplayed the multiple champions of the USSR - the Moscow CSKA. As a result, our team took the third place in its group, having left behind the Moscow Dynamo and Lokomotiv. In the first round of the final tournament, the residents of Vladikavkaz left no chance for Nizhny Novgorod Lokomotiv - 4: 0.

Already in 1992 it became clear that Moscow Spartak would become the main dominant force in the new championship of the new country. The residents of Vladikavkaz suffered two defeats from the capital's club. However, the logical victories in the remaining matches over Nizhny Novgorod, CSKA, Rostovites and Asmaral brought a logical result - the title of vice-champions of the country and the first in the history of the club a ticket to European cups.

In the third championship of Russia, Spartak Vladikavkaz took fifth place, which was both a step forward and an application for future success. That season was remembered for another interesting event. For the first time, an international tournament for the Cup of the President of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania was held in Vladikavkaz. Among its members were such famous clubs as Italian Genoa, Spanish Oviedo and Portuguese Boavista. In the final our team beat the Portuguese with a score of 2:1.

The 1995 season was a stellar one for North Ossetia. The victory of "Spartak-Alania" in the Russian championship was more than convincing. In 1995, two years later, Euro football returned to Vladikavkaz. This time, the famous Liverpool chose the draw as their opponents. Having opened the score (Kasymov from a free kick), the Ossetian team eventually lost 1: 2. Especially offensive was Steve McManaman's goal, scored from almost zero angle. Alania missed many opportunities for overall success, but the score was never opened. The champion of the season-96 was determined by the “golden match” in St. Petersburg between our team and Moscow “Spartak”. This match determined the purely formal championship winner. In fact, both contenders deserved gold medals. Muscovites won.One way or another, the silver medals became the club's third award. The third European start did not bring any joy either. In the qualifying round of the Champions Cup, Alania lost twice to the Scottish Rangers (1: 3 and 2: 7), after which the first victory at such a high international level followed in the UEFA Cup. Yielding in the course of the meeting, Alania managed to beat the Belgian Anderlecht at home - 2: 1. True, in Brussels, Vladikavkaz residents again faced a failure - 0: 4. Two intense seasons could not but lead to a recession caused, in addition to psychological, and other reasons - changes in the composition, increased rivalry, fatal setbacks. And if the worst in the first five championships of Russia was the sixth place from the season-93, then in the next four the same indicator (in 1999) can be noted as the best.

Relatively successful over the years can only be recognized as reaching the second round of the UEFA Cup after two victories over Dnipropetrovsk Dnipro, reaching the semifinals of the 1998 Russian Cup, sixth place in the 1999 national championship, which happily turned into another trip to football Europe, which did not bring the team either victories or glory.

In two seasons in a row, 2000 and 2001, Vladikavkaz residents were teetering on the brink of relegation from the top division.

The 2004 season ends with a miraculous rescue in the top division - the team gains the same points as Kuban (28 each), but according to additional indicators the Krasnodar club is relegated to the First Division. And already in the 2005 season, Alania took 15th place in the Premier League and dropped to the first division. On February 14, 2006, by the decision of the RFU Council, the club was also excluded from the Russian championship in the first division, but a few days later the decision was canceled, and the club was allowed to compete in the first division. But on March 21, 2006, the RFU still made a final decision: to deprive the club of its professional status. Shortly thereafter, due to problems with paperwork, the team was renamed back to Spartak. After renaming the club, the RFU council decided to allow the team to play in the second division. In 2006, the club took first place in the South zone of the second division, moved to the first division and was renamed Alania.

In 2007-2009 the club played in the first division. On February 18, 2010, it entered the Premier League. And at the end of the 2010 season, the Vladikavkaz team again dropped out of the First Division. On May 11, 2011, the club from Vladikavkaz, having defeated Rostov in a penalty shootout, reached the final of the Russian Football Cup. Thus, Alania secured a place in the 2011/12 UEFA Europa League. The team had a relatively good next season - they were able to take 2nd place in the FNL, but they dropped out of the Russian Cup at the 1/32 finals and were unable to overcome the playoff round of the 2011/2012 Europe League. However, the following season turned out to be a failure - the team flew out both from the RFPL, taking 16 place, and from the Russian Cup in the 1/16 finals. Having spent the first half of the new season in the FNL confidently well (2nd place) and reaching the 1/8 finals of the National Cup, by November the team faced financial problems. On February 10, 2014, the Supervisory Board of Alania made a decision to withdraw the club from participation in the Russian Championship and to terminate the club's activities as a legal entity due to the accumulated debt. On June 18, 2016, the government of the republic made a decision to disband the football club Alania and create a new team on its basis called Spartak with budget funding. For three seasons, Spartak was the only team representing the republic in the Russian championship, playing in the PFL. For the 2019/20 season, Spartak-Vladikavkaz and Alania Vladikavkaz entered the PFL. Danil Guriev became the owner of 100% of the shares of the new "Alania". At the presentation of the new "Alania", the club's management announced the goal of returning "Alania" to the elite of Russian football in the near future.